Understanding of antibiotic use and resistance among final-year pharmacy and medical students: a pilot study

  • Shazia Qasim Jamshed International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Ramadan Elkalmi International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Kingston Rajiah International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Abdul Kareem Al-Shami International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Siti Hadijah Shamsudin International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Jamshed Ahmad Siddiqui International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Akram bin Abdul Aziz International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Badrulsyam bin Hanafi International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Najwa Izzati bt Mohammad Shariff International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nasrul Hakim bin Ramlan International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Normunirah bt Jamil International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nur Hayatul Akmal bt Mustapha International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nuratiqah bt Hasman Yusri International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nurul Anisah bt Shahri International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Radhiyah bt Ismail International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Siti Maryam bt Zamri International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Keywords: antibiotic resistance, pharmacy students, medical students, Malaysia

Abstract

Introduction: This study is aimed to investigate the understanding of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance and its correlate factors among final-year medical and pharmacy students at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).

Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study. The study instrument was developed by extensive literature search and was subjected to face validity and content validity to medical and pharmacy academics. A pilot study was conducted to ascertain the reliability coefficient. Data was entered to SPSS version 17 and descriptive and inferential statistics were applied.

Results: A total of 123 questionnaires were included in the study. Out of 123 respondents, 58.5% (n = 72) were final-year medical students, while 41.5% (n = 51) were final-year pharmacy students. The majority of the respondents showed adequate knowledge regarding the course contents related to antibiotics (n = 116; 94.3%). Almost all the respondents correctly reported the difference between bactericidal and bacteriostatic antibiotics. Only 15.4% (n = 19) and 27.6% (n = 34) of students were able to recognize Streptococcus pyogenes as non-pencillin resistant bacterium and Enterococcus as vancomycin-resistant bacterium, respectively.

Conclusions: The students showed good understanding regarding antibiotic resistance. In comparison to medical students, pharmacy students showed better understanding and more adequate knowledge, as the mean value for each domain was slightly higher for pharmacy students. Extensively improving the curriculum and educating healthcare professionals, especially physicians and pharmacists, right from the time of their educational training can inculcate a moral responsibility toward the judicious use of antibiotics, which can serve to eradicate antibiotic resistance.

Author Biographies

Shazia Qasim Jamshed, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Ramadan Elkalmi, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Assistant Professor, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kingston Rajiah, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Lecturer, Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abdul Kareem Al-Shami, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
LecturerKulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysi
Siti Hadijah Shamsudin, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Assistant Professor, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysi
Mohammad Jamshed Ahmad Siddiqui, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Assistant Professor, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysi
Mohamad Akram bin Abdul Aziz, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Muhammad Badrulsyam bin Hanafi, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Najwa Izzati bt Mohammad Shariff, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Nasrul Hakim bin Ramlan, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Normunirah bt Jamil, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Nur Hayatul Akmal bt Mustapha, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Nuratiqah bt Hasman Yusri, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Nurul Anisah bt Shahri, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Radhiyah bt Ismail, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Siti Maryam bt Zamri, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
Published
2014-06-11
How to Cite
1.
Jamshed SQ, Elkalmi R, Rajiah K, Al-Shami AK, Shamsudin SH, Siddiqui MJA, Abdul Aziz MA bin, Hanafi MB bin, Mohammad Shariff NI bt, Ramlan NH bin, Jamil N bt, Mustapha NHA bt, Hasman Yusri N bt, Shahri NA bt, Ismail R bt, Zamri SM bt (2014) Understanding of antibiotic use and resistance among final-year pharmacy and medical students: a pilot study. J Infect Dev Ctries 8:780-785. doi: 10.3855/jidc.3833
Section
Brief Original Articles