Tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia: the journey across time

  • Sahal Al-Hajoj King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Bright Varghese King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Saudi Arabia, tuberculosis, epidemiology, transmission dynamics, migrants

Abstract

Saudi Arabia is the third-largest Arab country with a moderate annual burden of tuberculosis. However, tuberculosis (TB) is among several infectious diseases that have not been brought under control, despite the government’s considerable efforts. This is clearly evidenced by the ongoing transmission of several imported and indigenous clades of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In addition, the country faces the threat from rising proportions of extrapulmonary TB, non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections, and drug resistance. Furthermore, the country falls behind the global targets set by World Health Organization for the success rate of TB treatment. The country needs more population-based research studies, centralized and easily accessible clinical data registries, and centralized research and diagnostic facilities. This review focused on the trends of mycobacterial infections and on future proposals to improve TB control measures in Saudi Arabia.

Author Biographies

Sahal Al-Hajoj, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
INFECTION AND IMMUNITY
Bright Varghese, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Department of Infection and Immunity.

Published
2015-03-15
How to Cite
1.
Al-Hajoj S, Varghese B (2015) Tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia: the journey across time. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:222-231. doi: 10.3855/jidc.5296
Section
Reviews