Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella serotypes isolated from retail chicken meat and giblets in Iran

  • Hamid Reza Sodagari Young Researchers and Elite Club, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
  • Zohreh Mashak Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
  • Amir Ghadimianazar Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
Keywords: Salmonella, chicken meat and giblets, serotypes, antimicrobial resistance

Abstract

Introduction: Salmonella is one of the major foodborne pathogens responsible for outbreaks of foodborne illness in humans worldwide.

Methodology: A total of 560 samples of chicken meat and giblets were collected from retail markets for Salmonella identification, serotyping, and antimicrobial resistance testing.

Results: Salmonella was detected in 19.8% of samples. Among the five serotypes identified, S. Thompson was the predominant type (48.7%). High antimicrobial resistance rates were observed to nalidixic acid (92.8%), tetracycline (81%), trimethoprim (68.4%), sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim (61.2%), streptomycin (56.7%), and kanamycin (36.9%). Although resistance to chloramphenicol (3.6%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (5.4%), and ampicillin (11.7%) was detected, none of the isolates were resistant to ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, colistin, gentamicin, nor imipenem.

Conclusions: Restrictions on the irrational use of antibiotics in humans and animals are suggested for the reduction of resistant strains.

Published
2015-05-18
How to Cite
1.
Sodagari HR, Mashak Z, Ghadimianazar A (2015) Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella serotypes isolated from retail chicken meat and giblets in Iran. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:463-469. doi: 10.3855/jidc.5945
Section
Original Articles