Bordetella pertussis diagnosis in children under five years of age in the Regional Hospital of Cajamarca, Northern Peru

  • Juana del Valle-Mendoza Research Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Peru
  • Veronica Casabona-Oré Research Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Peru
  • Veronica Petrozzi-Helasvuo School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Perú
  • Angela Cornejo-Tapia Research Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Perú
  • Pablo Weilg Research Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Perú
  • Maria J Pons Research Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC, Lima, Perú
  • Erico Cieza-Mora Hospital Regional de Salud de Cajamarca
  • Jorge Bazán-Mayra Dirección Regional de Salud de Cajamarca (DIRESA-Cajamarca)
  • Hernan Cornejo-Pacherres Dirección Regional de Salud de Cajamarca (DIRESA-Cajamarca)
  • Joaquin Ruiz ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona
Keywords: Bordetella pertussis, whooping cough, PCR, Peru

Abstract

Introduction: Bordetella pertussis is an important human pathogen that causes whooping cough (pertussis), an endemic illness responsible of significant morbidity and mortality, especially in infants and children. Worldwide, there are an estimated of 16 million cases of pertussis, resulting in about 195,000 child deaths per year. In Peru, pertussis is a major health problem that has been on the increase despite immunization efforts. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of B. pertussis among children under five years of age suspected to have whopping cough in Cajamarca, Peru.

Methodology: Children diagnosed with whooping cough admitted to the Hospital Regional de Cajamarca from August 2010 to July 2013 were included. Nasopharyngeal samples were obtained for B. pertussis culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection.

Results: In 133 children, the pertussis toxin and IS481 gene were detected in 38.35% (51/133) of the cases by PCR, while only 9.02% (12/133) of the Bordetella cultures were positive. The most frequent symptoms in patients with positive B. pertussis were paroxysm of coughing 68.63% (35/51), cyanosis 56.86% (29/51), respiratory distress 43.14% (22/51), and fever 39.22% (20/51). Pneumonia and acute bronchial obstructive syndrome were present in 17.65% (9/51) and 13.72% (7/51) of the cases, respectively.

Conclusions: B. pertussis is responsible for an important proportion of whooping cough in hospitalized children in Cajamarca. Epidemiologic surveillance programs for B. pertussis are essential in Peru, especially in children who could most benefit from the vaccine.

Published
2015-11-30
How to Cite
1.
del Valle-Mendoza J, Casabona-Oré V, Petrozzi-Helasvuo V, Cornejo-Tapia A, Weilg P, Pons M, Cieza-Mora E, Bazán-Mayra J, Cornejo-Pacherres H, Ruiz J (2015) Bordetella pertussis diagnosis in children under five years of age in the Regional Hospital of Cajamarca, Northern Peru. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:1180-1185. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.6803
Section
Emerging Problems in Infectious Diseases