Clinical and microbiological findings of infective endocarditis

  • Nur Cancan Gursul Biga State Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Ilknur Vardar Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
  • Tuna Demirdal Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
  • Erdal Gursul Biga State Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Serap Ural Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
  • Murat Yesil Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
Keywords: infective endocarditis, Duke criteria, Brucella endocarditis

Abstract

Introduction: Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection that develops on the endothelial surface of the heart. Endocarditis is a major problem for the clinicians despite of the developments in diagnostic, surgical, and medical treatment methods. In this study, we aimed to evaluate symptoms, laboratory findings, treatment options, and clinical endpoint of the patients who were diagnosed with IE in a tertiary healthcare organization according to the literature data.

Methodology: Between January 2006 and March 2013, 80 IE patients who were diagnosed and treated in accordance with modified Duke criteria were enrolled in the study. Demographic features, symptoms, and laboratory and echocardiographic findings were recorded after reviewing the patient files.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 51.3 ± 16.0, and IE was more common in men (n = 56; 70%). Of 41 patients who had positive blood cultures, 20 patients had Staphylococcus spp. (48.7%) and 8 patients had Streptococcus spp. (19.5%). Brucella spp. was isolated from 5 patients (12.2%). While 48.7% (n = 39) of the patients had cardiac complications, 22 patients (27.5%) had embolic complication. Hospital mortality was observed in 20 patients (15%).

Conclusions: In our patients, endocarditis was seen at a young age, and staphylococci were the most frequently isolated microorganism from blood culture. There were more patients with Brucella endocarditis compared to the general population. Complications are frequently seen in the course of endocarditis, and they cause problems for the clinicians during follow ups due to the high mortality rate of IE.

Published
2016-05-31
How to Cite
1.
Cancan Gursul N, Vardar I, Demirdal T, Gursul E, Ural S, Yesil M (2016) Clinical and microbiological findings of infective endocarditis. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:478-487. doi: 10.3855/jidc.7516
Section
Original Articles