Ebola outbreak preparedness and preventive measures among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia

  • Khalid M. Almutairi College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulaziz Alhomaidi Alodhayani College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
  • Mahaman Moussa College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
  • Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
  • Regie B. Tumala College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
  • Jason M. Vinluan College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Ebola virus disease, healthcare professionals, preparedness, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Introduction: As medical professionals on the front lines in the outbreaks of infectious disease like Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), healthcare providers must have sufficient knowledge, skills, and best practices to protect themselves and the public from the disease. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of awareness, attitudes and practices among healthcare workers in relation to precautionary measures to EVD.

Methodology: A total of 177 physicians and 545 nurses participated in a descriptive cross-sectional study from a tertiary government hospital in Saudi Arabia. All subjects answered a self-administered questionnaire focusing on their level of awareness, concerns, and clinical practice related to EVD.

Results: Majority of the participants were knowledgeable about the etiology, mode of transmission, signs and symptoms, and treatment of EVD. All of the participants had high levels of concern about EVD (p=0.001) and about the implementation of strict standard infection control precautionary measures. The study found that greater infection control measures were taken by the participants including frequent hand washing, use of personal protective equipment, and avoiding normal activities such as going to work, school, travel, etc. if fever symptoms appear.

Conclusion: A combination of evidence based knowledge about EVD and high levels of concern of healthcare providers in relation to precautionary measures to EVD are the main factors leading to strict compliance with the infection control measures recommended in this study. Additionally, healthcare providers must be trained in infection control and adhere to the universal infection control standard guidelines to facilitate prevention and precaution.

Author Biographies

Khalid M. Almutairi, College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Associate Professor

Department of Community Health Sciences

College of Applied Medical Science

King Saud University

Abdulaziz Alhomaidi Alodhayani, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
MD, MRCGP, SBFM, ABFM, COE & HHC(C), Medical Education(C)
Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
College of Medicine,
Mahaman Moussa, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor

College of Nursing

King Saud University

Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Dean

College of Nursing

King Saud University

Regie B. Tumala, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor

College of Nursing,

King Saud University

Jason M. Vinluan, College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Researcher

Department of Community Health Science

College of Applied Medical Science

King Saud University

Published
2016-08-31
How to Cite
1.
Almutairi KM, Alodhayani AA, Moussa M, Aboshaiqah AE, Tumala RB, Vinluan JM (2016) Ebola outbreak preparedness and preventive measures among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. J Infect Dev Ctries 10:829-836. doi: 10.3855/jidc.6941
Section
Original Articles