Acute encephalitis as initial presentation of leptospirosis

  • Edmond Puca University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
  • Joana Majko University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
  • Entela Puca American Hospital, Tirana, Albania
  • Elda Qyra University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
  • Arjet Gega St. Maryʼs Hospital, Waterbury, CT, United States
  • Pellumb Pipero University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania

Abstract

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain matter, very often associated with viral infections, but it can also be caused by non-viral pathogens such as leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a systemic disease caused by bacteria of the Leptospira genus. Leptospiral infection has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical or mild illness to a fulminant life-threatening illness. In this case report we describe a young patient from Southern Albania with isolated encephalitis caused by Leptospira, where acute encephalitis was the initial presentation of the disease.

Author Biographies

Edmond Puca, University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania

MD, PhD

Department of Infectious Diseases

Joana Majko, University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
Department of Infectious Diseases
Entela Puca, American Hospital, Tirana, Albania

MD

Service of Endocrinology

Elda Qyra, University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
Department of Infectious Diseases
Arjet Gega, St. Maryʼs Hospital, Waterbury, CT, United States
Department of Infectious Diseases
Pellumb Pipero, University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania

Prof

Department of Infectious Diseases

Published
2017-04-30
How to Cite
Puca E, Majko J, Puca E, Qyra E, Gega A, Pipero P (2017) Acute encephalitis as initial presentation of leptospirosis. The Journal Of Infection In Developing Countries 11 (04): 361-363. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.8613
Section
Case Reports

Keywords

leptospirosis; encephalitis; CSF