Nocardia farcinica meningitis in a patient with high-grade astrocytoma
We describe a case of 91-year-old male with astrocytoma who developed meningitis caused by Nocardia farcinica. He had a past medical history of anaplastic astrocytoma grade III. Endocranial computed tomography (CT) scan revealed mass lesion in the left occipital region associated with perilesional edema, without evidence of midline shift issue. The analyses of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed neutrophilic pleocytosis, hyperproteinorrachia and hypoglycorrhachia. Combined antimicrobial therapy was initiated (vancomycin, meropenem, acyclovir). CSF culture revealed Nocardia farcinica. Susceptibility testing revealed intermediate sensitivity to meropenem and antibiotic treatment was switched to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and imipenem. After 7 days of treatment the patient developed progressive dyspnea. The chest CT scan revealed bilateral pleural effusion and alveolar infiltrate mostly in the right lobe. Ceftriaxone was added to the therapy, but the outcome was lethal. Nocardia spp. should be considered as differential diagnosis in the patients with brain tumor or meningitis in the setting of immune suppression and corticosteroid use. CSF cultures should be incubated longer with aim to allow fastidious organisms to grow, such as Nocardia spp.
Copyright (c) 2019 Hamed Fakhim, Elahe Nasri, Aleksandra Barac, Saber Yousefi, Kouros Aghazade, Massoud Mardani
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