A cross-sectional study of antibiotic misuse among Chinese children in developed and less developed provinces

  • Yannan Xu The Institute of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Jingjing Lu The Institute of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Chenhui Sun The Institute of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Xiaomin Wang The Institute of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Yanhong Jessika Hu Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, University of Melbourne. Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Australia
  • Xudong Zhou The Institute of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Keywords: Antibiotic use, Children, Regional disparity

Abstract

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance is a global health crisis and primarily caused by antibiotic misuse. Antibiotic misuse among children is particularly concerning, and its prevalence may vary from region to region in China with different development levels.

Methodology: Zhejiang and Shaanxi were selected to represent developed and less developed provinces in China, respectively. Data of 2924 parents in Zhejiang and 3355 parents in Shaanxi whose children were 0-13 years old were collected through multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling and a self-administrated questionnaire. Chi-square tests and logistic regression models were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Compared to parents in Zhejiang, those in Shaanxi were more likely to keep antibiotics for children at home, to engage in self-medication with antibiotics for children, and to make their children take antibiotics prophylactically. While there were no significant provincial differences between parents’ requests for antibiotics during pediatric consultations, parents in Shaanxi province were more likely to receive prescribed antibiotics.

Conclusions: Children in less developed provinces face higher risks of antibiotic misuse at home as well as when attending medical practitioners. Comprehensive educational interventions are required to improve antibiotic use for children all over China but particularly in less developed provinces such as Shaanxi. Furthermore, non-prescription sales and over-prescribing of antibiotics should be reduced by targeted strategies.

Published
2020-02-29
How to Cite
1.
Xu Y, Lu J, Sun C, Wang X, Hu YJ, Zhou X (2020) A cross-sectional study of antibiotic misuse among Chinese children in developed and less developed provinces. J Infect Dev Ctries 14:129-137. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11938
Section
Original Articles