The First exploratory spatial distribution analysis of tuberculosis and associated factors in Tonala, Mexico

  • Alejandro Escobar-Gutierrez Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México
  • Armando Martinez-Guarneros Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México
  • Gustavo Mora-Aguilera Laboratory of Phytosanitary Epidemiology Risk Analysis (LANREF) Campus Montecillo; Phytophatology, Postgraduates College, Texcoco, Estado de Mexico, Mexico
  • Carlos Arturo Vazquez-Chacon Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México
  • Gerardo Acevedo-Sanchez Laboratory of Phytosanitary Epidemiology Risk Analysis (LANREF) Campus Montecillo; Phytophatology, Postgraduates College, Texcoco, Estado de Mexico, Mexico
  • Manuel Sandoval-Díaz Health Ministry of Jalisco, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
  • Juan Carlos Villanueva-Arias Health Ministry of Jalisco, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
  • Natividad Ayala-Chavira Jalisco State Public Health Laboratory, Health Ministry of Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico
  • Maria Elena Vargas-Amado Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Center for Research and Applied Technology in Jalisco (CIATEJ) Guadalajara, Mexico
  • Ikuri Alvarez-Maya Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Center for Research and Applied Technology in Jalisco (CIATEJ) Guadalajara, Mexico
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Spatial distribution, Risk factors, Mexico

Abstract

Introduction: The US-Mexico region is at high risk of elevated tuberculosis (TB) incidence due to mobility and migration. Knowledge of how socio-demographic factors varies geographically, provides clues to understanding the determinants of tuberculosis and may provide guidance for regional prevention and control strategies to improve public health in Mexico. The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiologic characteristics and spatial patterns of the incidence of tuberculosis in Tonala, Jalisco (Mexico) from 2013-2015.

Methodology: The Surveillance System Database from the Health Department, complemented by information from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, was used to obtain data for a spatial-temporal analysis of TB cases. For the geographical analysis map creation and geoinformation storing, ArcGIS software was used.

Results: This study sought to characterize problem areas and jurisdictional locations of TB via a spatial approach based on analyses of case distributions and individual patient variables. The study found that tuberculosis cases were dispersed throughout Tonala County and were mainly concentrated on the Guadalajara city border. The TB cases were mainly individuals between 31 and 45 years old. Most of the cases reported during the observation period were male patients, and most cases primarily had lung involvement; however, there were quite a few cases with lymph node and intestinal disease.

Conclusion: Our findings show that TB cases are essentially located in areas close to the city of Guadalajara and that most TB cases were pulmonary cases spread throughout the whole jurisdiction.

Author Biographies

Alejandro Escobar-Gutierrez, Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México

Doctor of Immunology. Professor of the Department of Immunology at the National School of Sciences

Armando Martinez-Guarneros, Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México

Armando Martinez-Guarneros currently works at the Bacteriología; Laboratorio de Micobacterias, Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos. Armando does research in Microbiology and Molecular Biology. Their current projects are ' Molecular epidemiology of TB and Quality Control in Laboratories of TB in Mexico.'

Gustavo Mora-Aguilera, Laboratory of Phytosanitary Epidemiology Risk Analysis (LANREF) Campus Montecillo; Phytophatology, Postgraduates College, Texcoco, Estado de Mexico, Mexico

Associate Research Professor of the Postgraduate Degree in Phytosanity of the Graduate College (COLPOS)

Carlos Arturo Vazquez-Chacon, Institute for Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE) Ciudad de México, México
Department Bacteriology
Gerardo Acevedo-Sanchez, Laboratory of Phytosanitary Epidemiology Risk Analysis (LANREF) Campus Montecillo; Phytophatology, Postgraduates College, Texcoco, Estado de Mexico, Mexico

Estudent

Manuel Sandoval-Díaz, Health Ministry of Jalisco, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Former Tuberculosis Program Director

Published
2020-02-29
How to Cite
1.
Escobar-Gutierrez A, Martinez-Guarneros A, Mora-Aguilera G, Vazquez-Chacon CA, Acevedo-Sanchez G, Sandoval-Díaz M, Villanueva-Arias JC, Ayala-Chavira N, Vargas-Amado ME, Alvarez-Maya I (2020) The First exploratory spatial distribution analysis of tuberculosis and associated factors in Tonala, Mexico. J Infect Dev Ctries 14:207-213. doi: 10.3855/jidc.11873
Section
Brief Original Articles