Clinical and microbiological characteristics of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in a hospital from North China
Introduction: The clinical and molecular characteristics of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in various provinces of China have been reported, however, there have been few reports in Hebei Province, North China.
Methodology: The hvKp was identified by PCR amplification of hypervirulence-related genes, the hypermucoviscous phenotype was determined by the "string test", the drug susceptibility analysis was performed using the VITEK® 2 Compact Bacterial Identification and Monitoring System. Logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for hvKp infection. The molecular epidemiological characteristics of the strains were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the capsular serotype of hvKp strain was detected by PCR.
Results: Overall, 52.21% (59/113) of K. pneumoniae isolates were hvKp, and the ratios of patients with older ages or a higher PMN cell count among hvKp infection were higher than those among classical Klebsiella pneumoniae (cKp) infection. hvKp are more susceptible to antibacterial drugs than cKp, and one ESBLs-producing hvKp strain was detected. The main capsular serotype of hvKp were K2, K57 and K1. PFGE indicated that the 59 strains of hvKp could be classified into 51 PFGE band types, forming 6 PFGE clusters.
Conclusions: In this study, the detection rate of hvKp was 52.21% (59/113) identified by virulence genes. People with older ages or a higher PMN cell count are more likely to gain hvKp infection. ESBLs-producing hvKp is emerging, indicating the importance of epidemiologic surveillance and clinical awareness of this pathogen in this region.
Copyright (c) 2020 Congran Li, Yan Yang, Jian-Hua Liu, Wei Zhang, Tongying Nie , Xinyi Yang, Xiukun Wang, Xuefu You, Xinxin Hu
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