Evaluation of the effect of some medicinal plants on cultured Trichomonas Vaginalis
Introduction: Trichomoniasis is a worldwide sexually transmitted disease caused by Trichomonas vaginalis. It inflicts severe complications to the human genitourinary system. The devastating negative effects and the emergence of resistance to common medication impose the search for safer and effective alternatives. This research aimed to investigate the effect of the Allium sativum, Nigella sativa crude extracts (NsCE) and the combination between their most effective doses with metronidazole.
Methodology: Vaginal swabs were obtained from symptomatic patients, and cultured on Diamond's medium. Assessment of various concentrations of these herbs at different follow-up periods was done by counting the number of dead T. vaginalis trophozoites using the hemocytometer and trypan blue staining. Transmission electron microscope study was done.
Results: NsCE 9 mg/mL yielded the highest lethal effect on T. vaginalis trophozoites after 72 hours, compared with metronidazole. Combination of NsCE 9 mg/mL and metronidazole 50 µg/mL gave the best result. Additionally, Tomex90 µg/mL, represents a tolerable effect after 72 hours, but metronidazole 100 µg/mL still has higher effect. These results were confirmed by the ultrastructural changes observed in T. vaginalis trophozoites, signifying severe damage of nucleus and cytoplasm with large vacuolization and cell membrane defects.
Conclusions: NsCE is a promising anti-Trichomonas especially its combination with metronidazole which showed a high synergistic effect.
Copyright (c) 2020 Monira Abdel Wahab Selim, Eman Magdy Fawzy, Eman Mostafa Abd El-Rahman, Reem Safaa Eldeen Abdel Hady, Mohamed Samir Badr, Enas Fakhry Abdel Hamed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).