Association of Acinetobacter Baumannii with invasive procedures in hospitalized patients in Jakarta
Keywords:Acinetobacter baumannii, nosocomial infection, invasive procedures
Introduction: Acinetobacter baumannii, a multidrug-resistant Gram-negative opportunist has been known among the cause of nosocomial infection. Risk factors of infection related to A. baumannii have been reported elsewhere. This study aimed to find the association of A. baumannii positive culture and invasive procedures in patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit and Hospital ward in Jakarta.
Methodology: This study was a retrospective, 1:1 matched case-control study with total sampling method from in-patients in the ICU and the Internal Medicine Wards (IMW) of a Private Hospital, North Jakarta in 2015 - 2018. Data retrieved were positive culture of A. baumannii. Positive cultures of multi-sensitive bacteria were included as a control group. Antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out as recommended by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute.
Results: A total of 88 in-patients were studied, and A. baumannii isolates were identified from 44 patients. Most of A. baumannii showed resistant to almost all antibiotics tested, except for colistin. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association of A. baumannii positive culture and the use of ventilator in the ICU (p = 0,039), and with urinary catheters in the IMW (p = 0,022). Multivariate analysis showed that length of stay also has a significant association to A. baumannii positive culture in the ICU.
Conclusions: The use of ventilators and urinary catheters showed a significant association with Acinetobacter baumannii positive culture in patients in the ICU and in the IMW respectively. All of the A. baumannii isolates were susceptible to colistin.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).