Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 pandemic in America: A preliminary systematic review
Introduction: On the eleventh of March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a pandemic by the number of cases and deaths worldwide: more than 91.1 million confirmed cases and approx. 1.9 million deaths globally, as of date. The aims of this systematic review were to identify and to evaluate the reports associated on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 pandemic in America.
Methodology: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were adopted for searching reports published from December 2019 to September 2020, regarding “COVID-19 KAP” across six electronic databases. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were taken up to select the articles and focus to the topic.
Results: Thirteen scientific papers were finally eligible and included in this systematic review. The surveys were directed to common citizens, healthcare workers and patients with chronic conditions. General public acquired information about COVID-19 mainly through social media; several misconceptions due to falsehoods circulating on-line were identified. The pandemic COVID-19 has severely affected the physical and emotional health of many people in America. Nevertheless, many American citizens do not recognize or have poor knowledge about COVID-19 risks.
Conclusions: This systematic review brings information for governments and scientific community that may be useful in the development of official awareness and prevention campaigns aiming mainly at marginated groups of the society.
Copyright (c) 2021 Yohanna Sarria-Guzmán, Carmine Fusaro, Jaime E Bernal, Clemente Mosso-González, Francisco Erik González-Jiménez, Nancy Serrano-Silva
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