Spontaneous pneumothorax, with or without pulmonary cysts, in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia

  • Javier Leonardo Galindo Department of Pneumology, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Luisa Fernanda Jiménez Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Juan Ricardo Lutz Department of Pneumology, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • María Alejandra Izquierdo Department of Pneumology, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Viviana Lucía Rivillas Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
  • Jorge Alberto Carrillo Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi - Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
Keywords: Viral Pneumonia, COVID-19, Pneumothorax, Cysts

Abstract

Introduction: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) affects mainly the lungs causing pneumonia and complications like acute respiratory distress syndrome. Pneumothorax is a rare manifestation of the disease. This report is a description of a series of patients with COVID-19 and spontaneous pneumothorax, some of them with associated pulmonary cysts.

Methodology: Cases were collected retrospectively. We included clinical data from medical records and described radiologic findings. Patients that developed pneumothorax during mechanical ventilation were excluded.

Results: Ten cases were included in this report, nine of them were male. The median age of our series was 62 years (IQR = 57-68). The median days since the onset of symptoms until the development of pneumothorax was 27 (IQR = 17-31), most cases developed after the second week of the diagnosis of pneumonia. Two cases required invasive mechanical ventilation, but pneumothorax occurred after ventilator weaning. Three cases showed subpleural pulmonary cysts.

Conclusions: Cysts and pneumothorax are rare manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with mechanisms not completely understood. This report highlights the role of CT scan in diagnosis of COVID-19 complications.

Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Galindo JL, Jiménez LF, Lutz JR, Izquierdo MA, Rivillas VL, Carrillo JA (2021) Spontaneous pneumothorax, with or without pulmonary cysts, in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1404-1407. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15054
Section
Coronavirus Pandemic