A cross-sectional assessment of Indonesian female health cadres’ knowledge and attitude towards antibiotics

  • Jene Vida Christanti Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Adji Prayitno Setiadi Clinical and Community Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Yosi Irawati Wibowo Clinical and Community Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Bobby Presley Clinical and Community Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Steven Victoria Halim Clinical and Community Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Eko Setiawan Clinical and Community Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Bruce Sunderland Centre for Medicine Information and Pharmaceutical Care (CMIPC), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
Keywords: Indonesia, antibiotics, education, cadre, knowledge, attitudes

Abstract

Introduction: Health cadres have a key role in building awareness related to irrational antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in Indonesia. Cadres help to bridge the gap between the shortage of health professionals and the need to reach the broader population. This study aimed to identify cadres’ background, antibiotic knowledge and attitudes in an Indonesian setting.

Methodology: A paper-based questionnaire survey was validated and conducted among purposefully selected cadres attending a seminar in Malang Indonesia. A 5-point Likert scale was used to identify attitudes, while true/false statements determined their knowledge. A total of 112 cadres responded, giving a 100% response rate.

Results: The majority had been cadres for >2 years with previous counseling experience. Their attitudes on antibiotic use, were shown by the lower levels of disagreement to the statements “when I get a sore throat, I prefer to use antibiotics” (37.5%); “I would take antibiotics if I have had a cough for more than one week” (41.1%); and, “when I get influenza, I would take antibiotics to help me recover sooner” (47.3%), within the “indications” domain. For knowledge, lower scores were reported for domains related to “indications” (mean 1.49 ± 0.82/3), “resistance” (mean 1.06 ± 0.94/3), and “storage and disposal” (mean 1.23 ± 0.78/3).

Conclusions: These findings indicated a need to improve cadres’ attitudes and knowledge prior their involvement as change agents for improving the rational use of antibiotics to minimise antibiotic resistance in Indonesia.

Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Christanti JV, Setiadi AP, Wibowo YI, Presley B, Halim SV, Setiawan E, Sunderland B (2021) A cross-sectional assessment of Indonesian female health cadres’ knowledge and attitude towards antibiotics. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1453-1461. doi: 10.3855/jidc.14325
Section
Original Articles