Diagnostic approach to elucidate the efficacy and side effects of direct-acting antivirals in HCV infected patients
Keywords:Hepatitis C virus, sofosbuvir, daclatasvir, HCV genotypes, direct-acting antiviral drugs, sustained virologic response
Introduction: The conventional interferon therapy of hepatitis C virus has been substituted substantially with sofosbuvir and daclatasvir due to constraints in efficacy and tolerability. This study aimed diagnostically to monitor the effectiveness and side effects of direct-acting antivirals in the management of HCV infections.
Methodology: This prospective study was conducted on HCV-infected patients treated with sofosbuvir and daclatasvir. Different serological, biochemical, hematological, and molecular techniques were used for the assessment of patients. Only treatment-naive patients aged ≥ 18 to 75 years received 12 weeks of treatment. The primary endpoint was a sustained virologic response with undetectable HCV RNA in the patients’ serum at the end of the treatment.
Results: We identified 229 cases of confirmed HCV infections by PCR, 94.3% of which had genotype 3. The study population comprised 66% females and 34% males with a median age of 42.2 ± 10.6 SD. Ninety-three percent of the patients accomplished SVR at week 12. The combined therapy of SOF/DAC achieved the highest efficacy rate (92.6%) among the different HCV genotype 3 patients. A statistically significant relationship was observed between low baseline viral load (p < 0.001; 95% CI = 1.2-3.1) and HCV genotype 3 with minor side effects, including lethargy, headache, nausea, insomnia, diarrhea, and fever.
Conclusions: HCV-infected patients can be treated well with an interferon-free SOF/DAC regimen, tolerated with generally mild adverse effects with a higher SVR.
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