A demographic survey on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites based on socioeconomic determinants in Pakistan

  • Shumaila Irum Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Arbab Ahsan Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Haroon Ahmed Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Aisha Khan Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Guan Yayi Department of Echinococcosis, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, WHO Collaborating Center of Tropical Diseases, National Center for International Researches on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
  • Mudabbar Mehboob Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Seyma Gunyakti Kilinc Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
  • Harun Kaya Kesik Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bingol University, Bingol, Turkey
  • Muhammad Sohail Afzal Department of Life Sciences, School of Science, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shahzad Ali Wildlife Epidemiology and Molecular Microbiology Laboratory (One Health Research Group), Discipline of Zoology, Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Ravi Campus, Pattoki 55300, Pakistan
  • Majid Mehmood Department of Zoology, The University of Poonch (UOP), Azad Jammu and Kashmir
  • Figen Celik Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
  • Sami Simsek Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasites, protozoa, helminth, human, Pakistan

Abstract

Introduction: The present study was conducted to investigate prevalence of intestinal parasites and the risk factors related to socio-demographic characteristics of patients admitted in pathology ward, General Hospital, Gujranwala.

Methodology: 318 stool samples were collected from patients and examined under light microscope by using wet mount technique. While socio-demographic information was collected in the form of a questionnaire.

Results: The results showed seven (n = 7) species of intestinal parasites were prevalent in stool samples of patients. Among them, four (n = 4) were helminth and three (n = 3) were protozoan parasites causing single and mixed infections. Overall prevalence of intestinal parasites was 78.3% (n = 249/318) considering both male and female patients. Highest prevalence was recorded for A. lumbricoides (n = 125, 39.3%) followed by H. nana (n = 10, 3.1%), S. stercoralis and T. saginata (n = 6, 1.9%). Among protozoan parasites, higher prevalence was recorded in G. lamblia (n = 23, 7.2%) followed by E. histolytica (n = 21, 6.6%). Among single infections, the most prevalent parasite was A. lumbricoides and less prevalent parasites were S. stercoralis and T. saginata. The factors that had significant effect (p < 0.05) on prevalence of parasitic species were contaminated water, food, soil, and surrounding environment.

Conclusions: The present study determined that the parasite helminth (A. lumbricoides, H. nana, S. stercoralis, T. saginata) and protozoan (G. lamblia and E. histolytica) are common that pose an important public health concern in Pakistan.

Published
2021-11-30
How to Cite
1.
Irum S, Ahsan A, Ahmed H, Khan A, Yayi G, Mehboob M, Gunyakti KilincS, Kesik HK, AfzalMS, AliS, Mehmood M, Celik F, SimsekS (2021) A demographic survey on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites based on socioeconomic determinants in Pakistan. J Infect Dev Ctries 15:1738-1743. doi: 10.3855/jidc.12032
Section
Original Articles