The intention to receive tuberculosis preventive therapy in adult household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in Delhi, India

  • Nandini Sharma Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7885-4901
  • Saurav Basu Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Ashwani Khanna National TB Elimination Program, Govt. of National Capital Territory, New Delhi, India
  • Pragya Sharma Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Shivani Chandra Medical Consultant, World Health Organization Country Office for India
Keywords: Tuberculosis, tuberculosis infections, latent tuberculosis, chemoprophylaxis

Abstract

Introduction: The integration of newer tuberculosis preventive therapy regimens, which have shorter treatment duration, simpler dosing requirements, and improved safety profile, is being considered within India’s national tuberculosis elimination program. However, a potential operational challenge in the successful rollout of the expanded TPT plan is the extent of its acceptability in adult household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients due to possibility of lower risk perception and suboptimal perceived benefit. This study was conducted to determine the intention to accept Tuberculosis Preventive Therapy among adult household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Delhi, India.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted from June-November 2020 in Delhi, India. Data were collected through face to-face interviews by trained field investigations from the high-risk adult household contacts of PTB patients.

Results: A total of 536 household contacts including 237 (44.2%) men and 299 (55.8%) women were recruited with median (IQR) age 40 (22-52) years. Risk factors for incident tuberculosis observed in the HHCs were undernourishment (32.3%), overweight (47.8%), and diabetes comorbidity (10.6%). Most of the participants had not heard of latent TB infection (97.3%) The intention to accept tuberculosis preventive therapy was reported by 394 (73.5%) participants with an absence of symptoms (33.1%), feeling completely healthy (42.9%), and drug adverse effects (27.5%) (n=142) being primary drivers of non-intention.

Conclusions: Nearly three in four HHCs without TB disease expressed willingness to accept TPT if prescribed with caveat for the social desirability bias.

Author Biographies

Nandini Sharma, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Director Professor, Dept. of Community Medicine

Ashwani Khanna, National TB Elimination Program, Govt. of National Capital Territory, New Delhi, India

State Tuberculosis Officer

Pragya Sharma, Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Professor, Dept. of Community Medicine

Shivani Chandra, Medical Consultant, World Health Organization Country Office for India

Medical Consultant

Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Sharma N, Basu S, Khanna A, Sharma P, Chandra S (2022) The intention to receive tuberculosis preventive therapy in adult household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in Delhi, India. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:298-304. doi: 10.3855/jidc.14910
Section
Original Articles