Hepatitis C virus genotypes and viremia in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey

  • Sema Alacam University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Ayfer Bakir University of Health Sciences, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Ankara, Turkey
  • Aysel Karatas University of Health Sciences, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Hepatitis C virus, HCV genotype, HCV subtype, HCV viremia

Abstract

Introduction: The World Health Organization estimates that 71 million people with chronic HCV infection lived worldwide in 2015. HCV is a globally prevalent pathogen, that genotype1 is the most common. In this study, the prevalence of anti-HCV, distributions of HCV genotype, and viremia rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C were evaluated.

Methodology: In this retrospective single-center study, anti-HCV results of 197,081 patients were evaluated between 2017 and 2020. Quantitative HCV-RNA PCR tests were performed on the Rotor-Gene Q real-time PCR instrument. HCV genotypes determination of 546 samples was carried out with the Gen-C 2.0 Reverse Hybridization strip and HCV Genotype Plus Real-TM kit.

Results: The prevalence of anti-HCV was 0.95% and viremic HCV infection was 0.3% (610/197,081). HCV viremia rate was 33.17%. HCV viremia rate was highest in 2017 (52.36%) and the lowest in 2020 (18.3%) (p < 0.001). Genotype1 (72%) was the most common genotype, followed by genotype3 (14.1%), and genotype4 (8.8%). The most common subtypes were determined as genotype1b (56.2%) and genotype1a (13.2%). The viral load was higher in patients infected with genotype5.

Conclusions: In this study, the rate of viremic HCV infection was found to be 0.3%. This rate was lower than the worldwide rate of HCV viremia. The distribution of HCV genotypes was like the global data. The identification of circulating genotypes and subtypes is essential for epidemiological purposes and remains important in the choice of treatment in patients with chronic HCV.

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Published
2022-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Alacam S, Bakir A, Karatas A (2022) Hepatitis C virus genotypes and viremia in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:668-674. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15256
Section
Original Articles

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