Viral infections in Pakistan: prevalence, factors affecting spread, and recommendations for control

  • Zehra Naseem Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Maaha Ayub Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sharaf Ali Shah Bridge Consultant Foundation, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Syed Asad Ali Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Syed Hani Abidi Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9497-0902
Keywords: Virus diseases, risk factors, recommendations, Pakistan

Abstract

Pakistan is endemic to a number of viral infections, owing to its humid climate, topographical variation, soaring population, and lack of education and awareness. These viruses may have several different modes of transmission, including respiratory or airborne transmission, sexual transmission, blood-borne, fecal-oral transmission, vector-borne transmission, and transmission following an organ transplant. Although several different microorganisms are responsible for causing these infections, a few viruses are found more commonly in Pakistan and are primarily responsible for causing infections. In this study, we present a review of the most recent studies on different viruses, transmitted through various transmission routes, found commonly in Pakistan, along with the prevalence of each, and recommend control measures required against these viruses.

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Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Naseem Z, Ayub M, Shah SA, Ali SA, Abidi SH (2022) Viral infections in Pakistan: prevalence, factors affecting spread, and recommendations for control. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:913-926. doi: 10.3855/jidc.15078
Section
Reviews

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