Current scenario of viral diseases and vaccination strategies of cattle in Turkey

  • Aysun Yilmaz Department of Virology, Veterinary Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Sajid Umar Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, Jiangsu, China
  • Nuri Turan Department of Virology, Veterinary Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Abdullah Kayar Department of Internal Medicine, Veterinary Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Juergen A Richt Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, United States
  • Huseyin Yilmaz Department of Virology, Veterinary Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Virus, viral diseases, cattle, dairy, Turkey

Abstract

The dairy and meat industry has rapidly developed in the last decade in Turkey and is playing a key role in supplying animal proteins for human consumption. Viral pathogens continue to threaten the dairy and meat industry leading to serious economic losses worldwide, including Turkey. The Turkish cattle industry has been vulnerable to the spread of viral diseases within the country in the continent. Combating animal diseases is crucial for the economy of Turkey. A good cattle health management policy may reduce the direct losses associated with viral diseases and thereby lead to increase in export of animals and animal products. Countries that are unable to combat animal diseases remain excluded from international trade. Control and eradication of cattle diseases require the availability of effective and practical interventions including vaccination and biosecurity measures. This review summarises the currently available information about viral diseases in cattle in Turkey and emphasizes the need for disease monitoring and research, along with implementation of disease control measures to mitigate economic losses to farmers and the country. The information presented here can be of great value in the research, prevention, and control of cattle diseases.

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Published
2022-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Yilmaz A, Umar S, Turan N, Kayar A, Richt JA, Yilmaz H (2022) Current scenario of viral diseases and vaccination strategies of cattle in Turkey. J Infect Dev Ctries 16:1230-1242. doi: 10.3855/jidc.14767
Section
Reviews