A comprehensive design for prevention and management of COVID-19 in a tertiary medical institution in Bangladesh
Introduction: Containment of the further spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and reducing fatality due to coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) represent a pressing challenge to global health services. Here, we present a management blueprint for both the containment of SARS-CoV-2 and treatment of COVID-19 through a comprehensive approach.
Methodology: A cohort of 130 consecutive patients identified as positive for SARS-CoV-2 by testing of nasal swab by polymerase chain reaction were managed at a peripheral city of Bangladesh between 1 April and 31 May, 2020. Based on their clinical status, 64 of them were initially selected for isolation (Isolation Group) and 66 recommended for hospitalization (Hospital Group) as per the direction of the “Central COVID-19 Control” Center. Both groups of patients were allocated to receive standard of care management and oxygen inhalation, and intensive care unit management as and when necessary. Based on the conditions of the COVID-19 patients, there was an active system of patients being transferred from the “Isolation Group” to “Hospital Group” and vice versa.
Results: Twelve patients of the “Isolation Group” were transferred to the hospital, as they exhibited symptoms of deterioration. Four patients of the “Hospital Group” died during the observation period of two months in the intensive care unit. However, there has been no fatality among the patients of the “Isolation Group”.
Conclusions: The concept of “Isolation” and “Hospital Management” with the participation of the community seems to be an effective management strategy for COVID-19 in developing countries.
Copyright (c) 2022 Chitto Ranjan Debnath, Md. Saiful Islam Khan, Md. Sakirul Islam Khan, Proggananda Nath, Lakshmi Narayan Majumder, Md. Sayem Monowar, Monalisa Khan, Farzana Islam, Hiroaki Nabeka, Tetsuya Shimokawa, Seiji Matsud, Mamun A Mahtab, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar
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