Angola’s 2013 dengue outbreak: clinical, laboratory and molecular analyses of cases from four Portuguese institutions

  • Ricardo Parreira Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical (IHMT), Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL), Lisboa, Portugal
  • Cláudia Conceição Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Sónia Centeno-Lima Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Nuno Marques Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Unidade de Doenças Infecciosas, Coimbra, Portugal
  • José Saraiva da Cunha Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Unidade de Doenças Infecciosas, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Cândida Abreu Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
  • Laura Sá Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
  • António Sarmento Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
  • Jorge Atouguia Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Virgínia Moneti Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental/Hospital de Egas Moniz, Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas, Portugal
  • Telma Azevedo Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental/Hospital de Egas Moniz, Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas, Portugal
  • Jaime Nina Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Kamal Mansinho Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Abílio Antunes Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Rosa Teodósio Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Teresa Nazareth Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Jorge Seixas Unidade de Clínica Tropical, IHMT/UNL, Lisboa, Portugal
Keywords: Dengue virus, imported viral diseases, laboratory surveillance, outbreaks

Abstract

Introduction: Dengue virus (DENV) is the arbovirus with the widest impact on human health. In Africa in general, and in Angola in particular, the epidemiology and public health impact of DENV is far from clear. However, rapid population growth, unplanned urbanization, increased international travel, and the presence of virus major vector (Aedes aegypti) in the country suggest that DENV transmission may occur.

Methodology: In parallel to the occurrence of a dengue outbreak affecting the capital of Angola, between March and July 2013 four Portuguese institutions diagnosed dengue infection in 146 individuals returning to Portugal. Clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and molecular analyses of partial viral genomic segments were performed.

Results: The mean age of the individuals included in this study was 42 years old, the majority being men of Portuguese nationality, reporting various lengths of stay in Angola. Fever was the most reported clinical sign, being frequently associated (61.0%) with myalgia and headache. Hematological values, including hematocrit, white-blood cell and platelets counts, correlated with the absence of severe or complicated cases, or coagulation disorders. No deaths were observed. Viral NS1 was detected in 56.2% of the samples, and all NS1 negative cases had anti-dengue IgM antibodies. RT-PCR indicated the presence of DENV1, which was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis of 25 partial NS5 viral sequences.

Conclusion: The DENV cases analyzed conformed to classical and uncomplicated dengue, caused by the suggested exclusive circulation of a genetically homogeneous DENV1 of genotype III, apparently with a single origin.

Published
2014-09-12
How to Cite
1.
Parreira R, Conceição C, Centeno-Lima S, Marques N, Saraiva da Cunha J, Abreu C, Sá L, Sarmento A, Atouguia J, Moneti V, Azevedo T, Nina J, Mansinho K, Antunes A, Teodósio R, Nazareth T, Seixas J (2014) Angola’s 2013 dengue outbreak: clinical, laboratory and molecular analyses of cases from four Portuguese institutions. J Infect Dev Ctries 8:1210-1215. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.4910
Section
Brief Original Articles