In vitro bactericidal activities of two novel dihydropyridine derivatives against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Introduction: Introducing new and effective antitubercular agents is important in tuberculosis control programs. In this study, the in vitro antitubercular activity of two novel 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives (F-27, Cl-33) were screened against a total of 113 different strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (77 susceptible and 36 resistant clinical isolates).
Methodology: The in vitro activities of these compounds were evaluated based on the modified broth macro-dilution assay.
Results: Compound F-27 showed more than 90% growth inhibition at the range of 2 to 8 μg/mL (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC]90: 4.13 ± 0.45 µg/mL; p < 0.01), and complete growth inhibition was observed at the range of 8 to 32 μg/mL (minimum bactericidal concentration [MBC]: 11.2 ± 1.65 µg/mL; p < 0.01) against susceptible strains. However, 92% of the resistant strains showed some degree of susceptibility against this compound (MIC90 range: 16 to 64 µg/mL; mean: 40.4 ± 8 µg/mL; p < 0.01). It was found that although there is a linear relationship between the inhibitory activity of F-27 and isoniazid against resistant strains at low concentrations (r = 0.484, p < 0.001), there was no relationship between resistance to isoniazid and F-27 at higher concentrations (r = 0.019, p > 0.1). This may emphasize no cross-resistance between F-27 and isoniazid.
Conclusions: Considering the sufficient sample size of the study and based on the excellent antimycobacterial activity of F-27, it could be concluded that F-27 is a potent candidate as a lead compound, and may be considered for development of a new antitubercular agent.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).