RSV infection in Istanbul: risk factors and frequency
Introduction: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most common causes of acute respiratory infections in all age groups especially under two years. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical features of RSV in hospitalized children under two years of age with the diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in our region.
Methodology: Between September 2011- May 2013, hospitalized children aged 0-2 years with the diagnosis of viral LRTI, in which nasopharengeal secretions were tested for the presence of the RSV antigen, were included in this prospective study.
Results: Among the total of 361 hospitalized children who were investigated for RSV antigen, 138 (38%) were female and 223 (62%) were male. The mean age of the group was 5,7±5,1 months (0-24 months). RSV antigen in nasopharyngeal secretions was positive in 68 (19%) of 361 patients. RSV infection was detected significantly higher in December and January (p = 0.003). RSV positivity was significantly higher in patients aged under 6 months (p=0.01), with shorter duration of breastfeeding (p = 0.02), low socioeconomic status (p = 0.02), and also born with spontaneous vaginal delivery (p = 0.007). In RSV(+) LRTI group, children were associated with severe disease than RSV (- LRTI group (p = 0.014).
Conclusions: Since there is lack of data investigating the frequency and the risk factors of RSV respiratory infections in our region, the present study is important for providing new data. Furthermore, this is the second study investigating the correlation between RSV positivity and meteorological conditions in Turkey.
Copyright (c) 2017 Elif İzci Güllü, Yasemin Akın, Ayşe Karaaslan, Elif Ruşen Vayvada, Ayşe Ayzıt Atabek, Fatma Kaya Narter
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).