Hepatitis B virus pre-existing drug resistant mutation is related to the genotype and disease progression
HBV pre-existing drug resistant mutation
Introduction: Previous studies have indicated that the drug-resistant mutations of hepatitis B virus (HBV) are a major obstacle to antiviral therapy. However, it is still unclear whether there are pre-existent resistance mutations in patients with HBV infection and the relationship between drug-resistant mutation, genotypes, and progression of hepatitis B disease.
Methodology: A total of 357 treatment-naïve patients with HBV infection were involved in this retrospective study. The drug-resistant mutations of HBV reverse transcriptase domain were screened by direct gene sequencing.
Results: Lamivudine (LAM) resistance was detected in 8 patients (3.7%) with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 13 (11.7%) patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), and 6 (21.4%) patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Adefovir(ADV)-resistant mutations were detected in 10 (4.6%) patients with CHB, 15 (13.5%) patients with LC and 4 (14.5%) patients with HCC. Both LAM and ADV resistant mutations were detected in 2 patients (0.9%) with CHB, 1 patient (0.9%) with LC and 1 patient (3.6%) with HCC. Significant differences (p <0.01) were observed in the drug-resistance rates among patients with CHB, LC and HCC. Meanwhile, all the drug-resistant mutations were found in patients with HBV genotype C.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated higher risk of pre-existing drug-resistant mutations in patients with HBV genotype C comparing to patients with HBV genotype B. Likewise, increasing prevalence of pre-existing drug-resistant mutations was shown, alongside with the progression of the disease.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).