Seroprevalence of Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever among health care workers in a hospital in an endemic region of Turkey

  • Fatih Temocin Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey
  • Hatice Köse Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey
  • Tuğba Sarı Public Health Institution of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey
  • Fazilet Duygu Ankara Onkology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Ramazan Oguz Şahin Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey
Keywords: Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, seroprevalence, healthcare workers

Abstract

Introduction: Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) can also be transmitted through unprotected contact directly with blood or body fluids as well as from laboratories. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of CCHF disease in the employees of the State Hospital of Yozgat Province, located in Central Anatolia of Turkey, and also to present the risk factors for healthcare workers.

Methodology: A total of 112 volunteer employees of Yozgat State Hospital were included in the study. The study volunteers were divided into two groups: one having had a contact with CCHF patients and patient’s samples and the other a non-contact group.

Results: In the contact group, 2 (2.9%) out of 67 subjects tested positive for anti-CCHF IgG; however, in the non-contact group, none of the subjects tested positive (Fisher's exact test p > 0.05). Of the two employees who tested positive, one was working at the microbiology laboratory and the other was from the emergency department.

Conclusion: Although cases of nosocomial transmission of CCHF have been reported previously, questions on the mode of transmission of the disease are still unanswered. The risk factors for the disease should, therefore, be identified in order to take the necessary measures.

Author Biographies

Fatih Temocin, Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

Hatice Köse, Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

Tuğba Sarı, Public Health Institution of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

Fazilet Duygu, Ankara Onkology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

Ramazan Oguz Şahin, Yozgat City Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey

Department of Emergency Services

Published
2018-07-31
How to Cite
1.
Temocin F, Köse H, Sarı T, Duygu F, Şahin RO (2018) Seroprevalence of Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever among health care workers in a hospital in an endemic region of Turkey. J Infect Dev Ctries 12:587-591. doi: 10.3855/jidc.9816
Section
Brief Original Articles