Prevalence of zoonotic helminths in Italian house dogs

  • Francesco La Torre Zoetis Italia S.r.l., Rome, Italy
  • Angela Di Cesare University of Teramo, Piano d’Accio, Teramo, Italy
  • Giulia Simonato University of Padua, Padua, Italy
  • Rudi Cassini University of Padua, Padua, Italy
  • Donato Traversa University of Teramo, Piano d’Accio, Teramo, Italy
  • Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Keywords: Owned dogs, helminths, zoonoses, public health, Italy

Abstract

Introduction: Dogs may act as potential sources of zoonotic parasites, e.g. intestinal helminths like Toxocara spp., Ancylostoma spp., Echinococcus spp. In particular circumstances, the environment contaminated by parasitic elements represents a source of infection for people and animals. The present study has evaluated the presence of zoonotic helminths in house dogs from central and north-eastern Italy.

Methodology: Stool samples from 493 dogs were examined by a qualitative copromicroscopic technique and differences in prevalence of zoonotic parasites were statistically examined in relation to canine individual data.

Results: 48/493 (9.7%) were positive for at least one parasite. Helminths recovered were Trichuris vulpis (5.5%), Toxocara canis (4.3%), Ancylostoma spp. (0.6%) and Eucoleus aerophilus (0.4%), while no cestodes were detected. Age and living with other dogs resulted risk factors for T. canis infection.

Conclusions: The health risk associated with the occurrence of parasitic nematodes in privately owned dogs, along with the current anthelmintic treatment plans, are discussed.

Published
2018-08-31
How to Cite
1.
La Torre F, Di Cesare A, Simonato G, Cassini R, Traversa D, Frangipane di Regalbono A (2018) Prevalence of zoonotic helminths in Italian house dogs. J Infect Dev Ctries 12:666-672. doi: https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.9865
Section
Original Articles