Dengue fever in Lebanon: First confirmed case since 1945 and review from the region
Lebanon yearly witnesses a high flux of expatriates and workers from Dengue virus (DENV) endemic regions. Multiple cases of Dengue fever have been documented at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) in travellers to endemic regions. Given the presence of the Aedes aegypti mosquito in Lebanon, introduction of DENV to the country is highly likely. We report a case of DENV infection in Lebanon diagnosed in April 2012 in a patient with no prior travel history. The patient presented with fever (39°C) and lower urinary tract symptoms and was initially diagnosed with culture negative prostatitis. He was started on empiric antibiotics but continued to have severe headache, diffuse myalgias, bone pain, and fatigue. He later developed a faint rash with leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Extensive work-up was unrevealing. DENV IgM and IgG were positive suggesting acute infection. This is the first reported case since 1945 from Lebanon in a patient with no prior travel history.
Copyright (c) 2018 Mona Youssef, Saeed El Zein, Souha S. Kanj
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).